Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Cavernous Sinus Meningiomas: Analysis of Outcome in 166 Patients.

Azar M1, Kazemi F, Jahanbakhshi A, Chanideh I, Jalessi M, Amini E, Geraily G, Farhadi M.
Skull Base Research Center, Hazrat Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



The outcomes of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for cavernous sinus meningioma (CSM) are presented, and factors possibly affecting outcome are investigated.


The medical records and imaging and procedural reports of 166 patients with CSM were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic data, procedural data, symptomatic improvement, radiological regression, and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were evaluated.


There were 124 women and 42 men; including 44 postoperative and 122 primary GKRS cases. Mean follow-up was 32.4 months. Mean marginal dose was 13 Gy. Symptomatic improvement was seen in 40.4%, while neurologic deterioration occurred in 9.6%; 50% remained symptomatically stable. Radiological regression was noted in 57.2%; the tumor remained stable in 35.5%, and 7.2% of the patients experienced tumor progression. The actuarial 5- and 10-year PFS rates were 90.1% (±۳٫۳) and 75.8% (±۸٫۸), respectively. History of previous surgery or radiotherapy were associated with lower symptomatic improvement. Higher tumor coverage and isodose lines were accompanied with better radiological prognosis. However, a history of conventional radiotherapy, presence of facial sensory deficits at presentation, a higher tumor volume, and tumor extension to the suprasellar compartment affected the radiologic outcome negatively.


This study revealed a high efficacy and safety for GKRS in both postoperative and primary GKRS patients. Achievability of a good profile of tumor coverage and isodose lines at radiosurgical planning predict a better outcome.


Cavernous sinus; Gamma Knife; Meningioma; Radiosurgery